Amylase, Alpha - Assay
Amylase, Alpha Assay
- 0.02 M Sodium phosphate buffer, pH 6.9 with 0.006 M sodium chloride
- 2 N Sodium hydroxide
- Dinitrosalicylic acid color reagent. Prepare by dissolving 1.0 gm of 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid in 50 ml of reagent grade water. Add slowly 30.0 gms sodium potassium tartrate tetrahydrate. Add 20 ml of 2 N NaOH. Dilute to a final volume of 100 ml with reagent grade water. Protect from carbon dioxide and store no longer than 2 weeks.
- 1% Starch. Prepare by dissolving 1.0 gm soluble starch, (Merck) in 100 ml 0.02 M sodium phosphate buffer, pH 6.9 with 0.006 M sodium chloride. Bring to a gentle boil to dissolve. Cool and bring volume to 100 ml, with water, if necessary. Incubate at 25°C for 4-5 minutes prior to assay.
- Maltose Stock Solution. Prepare by dissolving 180 mg maltose (MW 360.3) in 100 ml reagent grade water in a volumetric flask.
Dilute to a concentration of 1-10 micrograms/ml. A minimum of three different concentrations in this range should be run.
Adjust spectrophotometer to 540 nm and 25°C.
Using the maltose stock solution prepare a maltose standard curve as follows: In numbered tubes, prepare 10 maltose dilutions ranging from 0.3 to 5.0 micromoles per ml. Include two blank tubes with reagent grade water only. Into a series of corresponding numbered tubes pipette 1 ml of each dilution of maltose. Add 1 ml of dinitrosalicylic acid color reagent. Incubate in boiling water bath for 5 minutes and cool to room temperature. Add 10 ml distilled water to each tube and mix well. Read A540 versus micromoles maltose.
Enzyme assay: Pipette 0.5 ml of respective enzyme dilutions into a series of numbered test tubes. Include a blank with 0.5 ml reagent grade water. Incubate tubes at 25°C for 3-4 minutes to achieve temperature equilibration. At timed intervals, add 0.5 ml starch solution (at 25°C). Incubate exactly 3 minutes and at timed intervals add 1 ml dinitrosalicylic acid color reagent to each tube. Incubate all tubes in a boiling water bath for 5 minutes. Cool to room temperature and add 10 ml reagent grade water. Mix well and read A540 versus blank. Determine micromoles maltose released from standard curve.